Kyoto, January 24-25, 2013

Workshop Participants

Richard Ballaman, Swiss Federal Office for the EnvironmentRichard Ballaman, Swiss Federal Office for the Environment

Richard Ballaman is since 2008 Head of the Air Quality Management section at the Swiss Federal Office for the Environment in the Air Pollution Control and Chemicals Division in Berne. He received in 1988 his PhD in Natural Sciences with a specialization in Biochemistry from the University of Fribourg (CH). From 1990 until 1998 as Scientific Officer in the Basic Studies Section he acted to support and coordinate various basic research projects and policy-oriented activities, further as Senior Scientific Officer in the Air Quality Management Section. He was also organizer of several workshops related to ozone, fine particulate matters and Integrated Assessment Modeling under the Cooperative program for monitoring and evaluation of the long-range transmissions of air pollutants in Europe (EMEP). Between 2000 and 2012 he was Chairman of the Working Group on Strategies and Review (“negotiating body”) and Vice-Chair of the Executive Body of the UNECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP).

Presentation: The UNECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (CLRTAP) as an example of effects-oriented approach to support policy development

The LRTAP Convention has delivered demonstrable improvements in reducing acidification of the environment, in reducing the highest peak levels of ozone and photochemical smog, and has begun to make improvements in atmospheric levels and deposition of nitrogen - one of the most important global environmental problems in addition to climate change. One of the great strengths of the Convention is its science base and the unique way in which science sustains policy development. In line with Article 2 of the Convention, a goal-oriented structure of the Convention was established, including a strong scientific and monitoring part, to ensure that Parties are able to produce sufficient insight into the facts and problems which guide their policy action. As the Convention moves forward to build on past successes and to address the emerging problems related to air pollution, climate change and biodiversity, the close links between science and policy will continue to be crucial. Since the signing of the Gothenburg Protocol, it has become clear that cooperation on air pollution problems can extend even beyond the UNECE region. The Convention has a worldwide reputation as one of the most successful environmental instruments and is seen as an exemplar across the world. Building on this reputation, the Convention has extended its outreach activities across the world, building on and cooperating in the work of UNEP and the Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum, among other activities. While such cooperation has been very effective in the scientific field, it should gain momentum in moving into the policy arena in the future.

Joerg Balsiger, University of GenevaJörg Balsiger, University of Geneva

Jörg Balsiger, Senior Researcher at the University of Geneva and previously at ETH Zurich and the European University Institute, has eighteen years of academic and practical experience in environmental politics from local to international levels. He has a PhD from the University of California at Berkeley, and a Master's from Georgetown University. From 1995-2001, he worked in forest and environmental policy and administration, capacity building, and donor coordination for bilateral and multilateral donors, nongovernmental organizations, and developing country governments in the USA, Europe, East/Southeast Asia, and Central/Southern Africa. Since 2001, he has focused on academic and policy-oriented research, specializing in international/comparative environmental politics and policy, sustainable development, policy integration, and water governance. Most recently, he has been involved in comparative analyses of transboundary regional mountain governance initiatives. He coordinated the first global analysis of regional environmental agreements, has co-edited special issues on regional environmental governance and published several articles and working papers on the subject. Jörg Balsiger co-organized REGov and is the co-organizer of EE-REG.

Bernard Debarbieux, University of GenevaBernard Debarbieux, University of Geneva

Bernard Debarbieux is professor of cultural and political geography and urban and regional planning at the University of Geneva. He joined the University staff in 2001. Before that, he taught in Grenoble, New York, Montreal and Paris. As a researcher, he is specialized in the production of geographical knowledge and imagination, planning, environmental governance and political and collective territorialities. During the early 2000s, he led a forecast research group on emerging forms of territoriality and representations (DATAR, Paris). His main objects of research are mountain regions at a national, regional and global scale, and more generally regional environmental governance.

David Demeritt, King's College LondonDavid Demeritt, King’s College London

David Demeritt is Professor of Geography at King’s College London. He did degrees in history (BA) and Quaternary science (MSc.) at the University of Maine before moving into geography and completing his PhD at the University of British Columbia. After doing a post-doc on climate change policy with Environment Canada, he took up a geography lectureship at Bristol University before coming to Kings in 1999. His research interests include the cultural politics of climate change, flood risk management, environmental politics and policy, and science studies and social theory. David is currently book review editor for Environment and Planning A and a member of the editorial boards for Cultural Geographies and the Journal of Risk Analysis and Crisis Management. He is also a member of the ESRC Grants Assessment Panel and served previously on the NERC Peer Review College.

Presentation: Institutional conflict, cooperation and convergence in the prediction and management of flooding in Europe

Historically the responsibility for managing flooding and other extreme weather hazards rested with local or sometimes regional or national governments. Recent decades, however, have seen increasing emphasis on various kinds of transboundary cooperation. With rivers traversing national boundaries, environmentalists have called for more integrated forms of water resource management that map onto watersheds rather than artificial political jurisdictions. In Europe, the demands of the Common Market have been another driver of multilateral cooperation, with the European Commission issuing a series of Communications and strategies on flood risk management culminating ultimately in formal regulation—the 2007 Floods Directive (2007/60/EC)—with which all member states must comply. This paper uses the development of the European Flood Alert System (EFAS) as a case study to illuminate the more general dynamics by which institutional responsibility for the assessment and management of environmental and health risks is being reorganized at the European-level. It describes the history of EFAS and its connections to an emerging EU concern with flooding in the context both of precautionary environmental protection and of civil contingencies. It explores how the technical development of EFAS was co-produced along with an emerging European order for risk management. In particular it shows how the resolution of seemingly technical debates about data quality and access or the nature of forecasting uncertainties and best methods for addressing them was intertwined with the resolution of more obviously political questions about legal mandate and institutional responsibility for flood forecasting, warning, and civil protection in the European Union.

Juliet Fall, University of GenevaJuliet Fall, University of Geneva

Juliet J. Fall is an Anglo-Swiss political and environmental geographer working on questions of regionalization, biosecurity, borders and national identity. She is interested in how discourses of nature are enrolled into politics, and explores how references to the environment are subverted to underpin politics, including research on how new political spaces are made, or how nature is invoked to exclude migrants. Recent research has dealt with transboundary planning, protected areas, invasive species, ideas of ‘natural borders’, and urban gardening. Author of Drawing the Line: Nature, Hybridity and Politics in Transboundary Spaces (2005) Ashgate; and co-editor of Aux frontières de l’Animal : mises en scènes et reflexivités (2012) Genève/Paris with A. Dubied and D. Gerber, she is a Full Professor at the University of Geneva, in Switzerland. She also works on the spaces and politics of knowledge production in a science studies perspective, and on the history of geography in Anglophone and Francophone contexts. She serves on the scientific boards of a number of journals, including Progress in Human Geography, Environment and Planning D: Society and Space, Geographical Journal, L’Espace Politique and Geographica Helvetica.

Simon Gaberell, University of GenevaSimon Gaberell, University of Geneva

Simon Gaberell is a PhD Candidate at the University of Geneva, Department of Geography and Environment. In the frame of a Swiss National Fund project he is completing a thesis on the role of global environmental organizations in the institutionalization of regional environmental governance in the Danube-Carpathian region. To date his research focused on the modalities of the construction of a Carpathian environmental region and on the implementation of a Carpathian Convention in the broader context of the European territorial cooperation system. In this respect he conducted a four months field research study in the UNEP Vienna Office, which is currently servicing the Interim Secretariat of the Carpathian Convention.

Presentation: Framing environmental cooperation in the Carpathians

In the last ten years a strong network of scientific and political environmental organizations have supported the establishment of international treaties to implement sustainable development policies in mountainous regions around the world. In Eastern Europe, since the fall of the iron curtain, this process has been mostly driven by intergovernmental and international non-governmental organizations. Some have promoted the construction of new transnational regional settings framed according to their different spatial strategies and development opportunities for the mountain ranges of the Carpathians. Based on information gathered during the three-month period of participative observation in the UNEP Vienna office which serves as the Interim Secretariat of the Carpathian Convention, and the interviews conducted with the key institutional actors, this paper will focus on the framing processes driving the construction of a Carpathian environmental region. This paper argues that regional framings of the Carpathians vary from their degree of institutionalization (from strategic action plan to international treaties); their scale (from ecoregion to jurisdictional space); their institutional leadership (from NGOs to states); and their political focus (from sectoral to multi-sectoral approach). These constructions result from framing processes of three types: spatial, argumentative and organizational. This finding reminds us that environmental regions should not be perceived as natural regions existing ‘a priori’. They are socio-spatial processes, constantly renegotiated between heterogeneous stakeholders based in various places, acting with different interests and spatial practices, and reacting on opportunities.

Atsushi Ishii, Tohoku UniversityAtsushi Ishii, Tohoku University

Atsushi Ishii is associate professor at the Center for Northeast Asian Studies, Tohoku University. His research interests include global environmental and resource politics, science and technology studies, and Japanese environmental politics. His recent publications include “Toward policy integration: Assessing carbon capture and storage policies in Japan and Norway,” in Global Environmental Change, and “Scientists Learn not only Science but also Diplomacy: Learning Processes in the European Transboundary Air Pollution Regime,” in Governing the Air: Science-Policy-Citizens Dynamics in International Environmental Governance (MIT Press). Other articles have appeared in, among others, Climate Policy, RECIEL, and numerous Japanese books and journals.

Kristine Kern, University of PotsdamKristine Kern, University of Potsdam

Kristine Kern is Professor for the ‘Governance of Urban Infrastructure and Global Change,’ University of Potsdam and Leibniz Institute for Regional Development and Structural Planning (Germany) and Affiliated Professor in Environmental Sciences, Södertörn University (Sweden). After earning her PhD in Political Science from Freie Universität Berlin (Germany), she worked as a Senior Research Associate at the Social Science Research Center Berlin (Germany) until 2005 and subsequently held positions at the University of Minnesota (USA), Södertörn University (Sweden), and Wageningen University (The Netherlands). Her research interests have concentrated on (environmental) governance in multi-level systems, (regional) environmental governance, sustainable cities and regions, climate and energy governance, the governance of regional seas, and EU macro-regional strategies. Her books include Governing Europe’s Marine Environment: Europeanization of Regional Seas or Regionalization of EU Policies? (forthcoming 2013) and Governing a Common Sea: Environmental Policies in the Baltic Sea Region (2008). Her articles have appeared in numerous leading international journals.

Presentation: Governing Europe’s Marine Environment: Institutional interplay and macro-regionalization of Europe’s regional seas

This paper discusses general aspects of the governability of regional seas and identifies the limitations of regional governing systems. Starting from different theoretical lenses on governance, the paper discusses the Europeanization of regional seas versus the regionalization of EU Policies. The preconditions in Europe’s regional seas (North Sea, Baltic Sea, Black Sea, Mediterranean Sea) require different governance responses. There is a tension between European integration and the need to develop decentralized approaches for Europe’s regional seas. The four regional seas differ with respect to their ecological status, socio-economic preconditions, and institutional arrangements. The paper starts with the geopolitical situation and the varying patterns of the EU’s influence in the four regional seas, ranging from the situation in the North Sea with Norway as the only non-member state to the rivalry between Russia and Turkey and the marginalization of the EU in the Black Sea. Second, the paper discusses the institutional interplay between the EU and the four regional sea conventions. The four regional seas are compared with respect to the development of decentralized institutional complexes; the co-optation of the regional sea conventions as regional environmental agencies by the EU; and the influence of the CIS (Common Implementation Strategy) for the implementation of EU legislation (such as the Water Framework Directive and the Marine Strategy Framework Directive). In the concluding section the paper focuses on the varying perspectives of macro-regionalization in the four regional seas.

Mari KoyanoMari Koyano, Hokkaido University

Mari KOYANO, LL.M. (Cantab.), LL.B. (Tokyo), is Professor of Public International Law at Hokkaido University, teaching public international law and international environmental law at the Graduate School of Law. As an academia she has been focusing on the effective implementation of environmental treaties, the significance of procedural obligations, such as duties to undertake environmental impact assessment, notification, consultation, monitoring, exchange of information, in international environmental law as well. She has recently published an article on nuclear safety and international environmental law, which includes analysis of the Fukushima Nuclear Power Plant Accident from the viewpoints of international law. She has published many books and articles, either in Japanese or English, in international environmental law. Since 2010 she has been engaged in a five-year inter-disciplinary research project on the linkage between multilateral environmental treaties and Japanese domestic legal and administrative systems with Japanese experts of international law, administrative law, environmental law and public administration. She has recently launched a multi-disciplinary research project on environmental co-operation in North East Asia with some of the participants of this workshop.

Rolf Lidskog, Örebro UniversityRolf Lidskog, Örebro University

Rolf Lidskog has a PhD in sociology and a PhD in ethics (both from Uppsala University). He works as professor of sociology at the multi-disciplinary the Center for Urban and Regional Studies (CUReS), Örebro University. His research concerns environmental regulation, environmental sociology and risk communication. Central issues of his research concerns how actors perceive, evaluate and manage risks, where there are high demands on safety, while science and technology often cannot guarantee it in a satisfactory manner for all. To answer this question, he has studied a variety of environmental areas: climate change, air pollution, nuclear waste, hazardous waste, biodiversity, intensive forestry and urban transport. Professor Lidskog has authored or co-authored seven books, 50 peer-reviewed articles and 30 book chapters.

Presentation: Extreme events, regulatory style and regional environmental governance

Extreme events challenge human life and civilization in many ways, such as in the form of geophysical events (earthquake, floods, extreme precipitation), but also in the form of infrastructure failures (power outages, internet failures), drastic economic crises (recessions, market collapse) and socio-political events (war, social riots). Due to their high potential to cause political, environmental, and economic damage, extreme events receive considerable attention both within scientific communities and by society at large. Yet it is not only extreme events as such, but also the handling of them that are an integral part of the history of human societies. Individuals, organizations and whole societies have invested large effort in anticipating, preventing and mitigating hazards, as well as minimizing their consequences. This paper discusses what characterize “extreme events” and efforts to regulate them. It elaborates its conceptual meaning by relating extreme event to concepts such as mega-hazards (Ulrich Beck), normal accidents (Charles Perrow) and new species of trouble (Kai Erikson). It finds that an extreme event is an event that threatens the normal functioning of communities or society, but which is impossible to predict in any details (neither its occurrence nor its consequences). It is multidimensional, both in terms of causes and consequences and usually involves environmental, technological and institutional aspects. This means that an extreme event is not external to society, but internal to it; it concerns a particular society’s way of functioning. Consequently, the structure of a specific society as well as its regulatory style can make it more or less prone to generating extreme events. Thus, to develop regulatory efforts to manage extreme events implies a combination of general knowledge on how systems work and how to regulate them, and specific knowledge of the context in which the extreme event may occur. This context has spatial, socio-political and cultural features, which means that it is possible for interregional learning, but appropriating knowledge from the experiences of others always needs context-sensitive interpretations in order to result in relevant and robust regulation.

Shunji Matsuoka, Graduate School of Asia-Pacific StudiesShunji Matsuoka, Graduate School of Asia-Pacific Studies

Shunji Matsuoka is professor at Graduate School of Asia-Pacific Studies and Director of Institute for Global Sustainability, and General Manager of Campus Asia-EAUI Program collaborated with Korea University, Nanyang Technological University, Peking University, and Thammasat University. He is also conducting several research projects such as Fukushima Nuclear Disaster, Climate Change Policy, Integrated Solid Waste Management in Sri Lanka, and Desertification Research in Mongolia. He is the editor of Effective Environmental Management in Developing Countries: Assessing Social Capacity Development (Palgrave- Macmillan, 2007).

Sangmin Nam, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the PacificSangmin Nam, United Nations Economic and Social Commission for Asia and the Pacific

Mr. Nam currently works as the Environmental Affairs Officer at the ESCAP Subregional Office for East and North-East Asia. Prior to taking up the current assignment, he served as Environmental Affairs Officer at the ESCAP Headquarter based in Bangkok since early 2005, and the coordinator of North-East Asian Subregional Programme for Environmental Cooperation (NEASPEC). From 2003 to early 2005, he was research professor at Hanyang University in Seoul, and an expert member of the Presidential Commission on Sustainable Development and the Presidential Committee on Northeast Asian Cooperation Initiative. From 1993 to 1998, he was programme and policy manager of Green Korea United, a leading environmental NGO in South Korea. Mr. Nam obtained a PhD degree in the field of international environmental governance from the School of Anthropology, Geography and Environmental Studies, University of Melbourne.

Presentation: Reverberating beyond the region in addressing air pollution in North-East Asia

The LTP (Long-range Transboundary Air Pollutant) Project of China, Japan and the Republic of Korea was launched in 1999 after a roughly four-year long preliminary stage. During this stage, agreement on intentions and objectives for establishing the LTP Project were collected through workshops, expert meetings and working group meetings that called for inputs including research proposals. By August 1999 when the LTP was launched, agreement was already made on essential and optional monitoring parameters, modeling details, and two sub-working groups. In regards to involved stakeholders, the LTP Project was initiated by the Ministry of Environment of the Republic of Korea, and the Secretariat role has been assigned to a Korean government-run research institute. Since then LTP has expanded coverage and activities. But many aspects are still lacking. In terms of model inter-comparison, full model output and detail process dynamics have not yet been performed; only modeling for SRR is performed. Also, while essential items under monitoring parameters have good coverage, optional items as recommended monitoring targets are not sufficiently covered. Furthermore, the LTP Project is faced with the task to reinforce its scientific activities, especially in the modeling activities, in order to gain greater institutional status. Then its governance regime will gain the legitimacy to reverberate beyond its own region. In this regard, there have been discussions on reassigning the LTP Project‘s secretariat to a UN body, in order to increase the international recognition of the Project. This paper reviews the process of LTP Project’s institutional and programme development by also looking at relevant experiences of other regional mechanisms including CLRTAP and EANET. This paper also analyzes the implication of such process in the context of discourses on institutionalism and epistemic community.

Tadashi Okimura, University of ShimaneTadashi Okimura, University of Shimane

Tadashi Okimura received his doctorate in law in 2007 from the Hitotsubashi University. He has served as a esearch fellow at the then Mitsubishi Kasei Institute of Life Science in 1999, and then became a research fellow at the Center of Life Science and Society in 2003. Then he became an associate professor at the University of Shimane in 2007, and a professor in 2010. His field of research is international environmental politics, international relations, and environmental policies.

Ayako Okubo, Tokai UniversityAyako Okubo, Tokai University

Ayako Okubo is a lecturer at the School of Marine Science and Technology, Tokai University. Between 1999 and 2001 she worked at the Embassy of Japan in Stockholm and carried out research on multilateral cooperation in the Baltic Sea region. During 2004-2007, she worked at the Ocean Policy Research Foundation and participated in meetings of the Partnerships in Environmental Management for the Seas of East Asia (PEMSEA) as a non-governmental partner. She has published on Japan’s whaling diplomacy as well as decision making process and effectiveness of international regimes for management of marine living resources, such as the Conservation of Antarctic Marine Living Resources.

Gilles Rudaz, University of GenevaGilles Rudaz, University of Geneva

Gilles Rudaz is scientific collaborator at the Department of Geography and Environment, University of Geneva, Switzerland. His primary focus is on the emergence of mountains as political objects, i.e. he analyses how societies come to identify mountains as an issue. He works on the local, national, regional and global levels. He is especially interested on how mountain communities are being considered and how they are involved in these political processes. Website: https://sites.google.com/site/rudazgilles/home.

Presentation: Mountains of Central Asia

While mountains often stand low on national political agendas, some Central Asian countries appear to have a keen interest to promote mountains as political objects. The proclamation of an UN International Year of Mountains was a request from Kyrgyzstan. Tajikistan is currently in the process of elaborating a law on mountains. The mountains of Central Asia comprised not a single mountain range but several. This has impact on the way the mountain theme is framed as regional. In 2002, the Central Asia Mountain Charter was signed by Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan, and one year later was created the Alliance of Central Asian Mountain communities. There are also some subregional initiatives focusing on specific mountain ranges. Central Asia is a region that draws numerous international donors for various geopolitical interests. Some of these donors show a keen interested for mountains. The presentation aims to discuss how various visions articulate in the region, under the overarching principle of sustainable mountain development.

Guofan Shao, Purdue UniversityGuofan Shao, Purdue University

Prof. Shao received his PhD from Chinese Academy of Sciences and obtained post-doc training at the University of Virginia, USA. He jointed faculty at Purdue University in 1997. His research expertise includes applying computer models and geospatial technologies in forest management, biodiversity conservation, and forest carbon quantification in China and the United States. He has been studying forest management and protection on Changbai Mountain for 20+ years. He is an author/co-author of 129 journal publications, books and book chapters. He has served as associate editor, guest editor, and editorial board for seven academic journals.

Presentation: Seeking a Technical and Political Convergence to Diminish the Barriers of Cross-Border Conservation on Changbai Mountain (with Lina Tang and Limin Dai, Chinese Academy of Sciences)

Changbai Mountain is the highest mountain in the east of Eurasian Continent. The diverse altitudinal vegetation is the habitat of the richest biodiversity in the cool temperate zone on Earth. However, both ground and remote sensing observations reveal that the extent of the intact habitat is rapidly shrinking and disappearing on Changbai Mountain. Innovative policies and actions are urgently needed for saving these ecosystems across the national border between China and North Korea. The past efforts in promoting cross-border conservation on Changbai Mountain did not have convergent justifications between technical reasons and political practicalities. That was why no official conservation agreements/measures have been achieved between Chinese and Korean governments. China has learned the lesson the hard way during the past decades and recently invested many resources in forest protection. Some of the Chinese experiences are directly applicable to North Korea. No conservation can be successful without considering the quality of life for the locals. It is important recognize the similarities and differences in ecosystems and socioeconomic conditions between the two countries. In this case, a cross-border effort in sustainable conservation needs to be initiated through economic investment and incentives. As the remaining intact ecosystems on Changbai Mountain are the heritage of Earthlings, their conservation needs to be promoted through worldwide contributions. As the two nature reserves across the border belong to the UNESCO’s biosphere-reserve network, it is naturally feasible to obtain coordination within the biosphere-reserve system.

Takayuki Shiraiwa, Hokkaido UniversityTakayuki Shiraiwa, Hokkaido University

Takayuki Shiraiwa is associate professor at the Institute of Low Temperature Science, Hokkaido University. He received his MA in geomorphology (1987) and his Ph.D in glaciology (1993) at Hokkaido University. He conducted research in Antarctica (1993-1995) and at Swiss Federal Institute of Technology (2000-2001) as a visiting scientist to study paleoclimate and environment by means of ice core analyses. Then he became the leader of Amur-Okhotsk Project of the Research Institute for Humanity and Nature (Kyoto) to validate a hypothesis that dissolved iron discharged from Amur River controls primary production in the Sea of Okhotsk and the Oyashio open waters. Based on the results and activities of this difficult field, he established a multi-lateral science community named “Amur-Okhotsk Consortium” to further activate scientific discussions on the land-ocean linkage in the Amur Okhotsk region.

Presentation: Amur-Okhotsk Consortium as an epistemic community to conserve the transboundary land-ocean ecosystem in the Northeast Asia and the Russian Far East

The Amur-Okhotsk Project (AOP) introduced a new global environmental concept referred to as the “giant fish-breeding forest” (GFBF) by expanding the traditional Japanese idea of uotsuki-rin (fish-breeding forest), which related upstream forests with the coastal ecosystem. The AOP found that primary production in the Sea of Okhotsk and the Oyashio region depended on dissolved iron transported from the Amur River and its watershed. Therefore, the Amur River basin can be recognized as the GFBF of the Sea of Okhotsk and the Oyashio region. This hypothesis presents new perspectives on global environmental issues: an ecological linkage between the continent and the open sea, relationships between stakeholders who are not necessarily depended each other in the system, and the identification of environmental common ground across coast lines and complex international boundaries. Multidisciplinary approaches are indispensable in studying and conserving the GFBF because stakeholders need to understand how to achieve a sustainable marine ecosystem in the Sea of Okhotsk and Oyashio region without limiting human activity on land. Connecting less dependent stakeholders could be a first step in coping with complicated environmental issues. Therefore, we established an epistemic community named "Amur-Okhotsk Consortium" following long-term efforts by Helsinki Commission in the Baltic Sea region. Regular multilateral meetings and joint-environmental monitoring in the Amur River and the Sea of Okhotsk by researchers in the riparian countries are the 2nd step to start any counter measures against deteriorating transboundary environments in the region under political tensions.

Makoto Taniguchi, Research Institute for Humanity and NatureMakoto Taniguchi, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature

Makoto Taniguchi is professor and program director at the Research Institute for Humanity and Nature. He received his Ph.D. in hydrology from University of Tsukuba in 1987. Before joining RIHN in 2003, he has worked as a visiting scientist at CSIRO in Australia, researcher at University of Tsukuba and professor at Nara University of Education. He conducted his grand project “Human Impacts on Urban Subsurface Environments” at RIHN between 2005 and 2011. He has edited several books and widely published in some of the top journals in hydrology and geophysics such as Water Resources Research, Journal of Geophysical Research, Geophysical Research Letter, Journal of Hydrology and Hydrological Processes, etc.

Presentation: Sharing knowledge on water and subsurface environment management in Asia

A regional framework on environmental problems is important for sharing knowledge on the problems, even though the problem is global/universal or local, but similarity and differences in areas can be comparable to find their own solution for the problems. The Consortium on Urban Subsurface Environmental Management in Asia (CUSEMA) was established in 2011, through the RIHN project “Human impacts on urban subsurface environment,” to share knowledge about water and subsurface environmental problems in Asian cities including Bangkok, Jakarta, Manila, Tokyo and Osaka. There are three task groups including (1) monitoring, (2) modeling, and (3) policy making. Each country has a working group with national government, local governments, private sectors, NPO/NGO and scientists, and all working groups make a CUSEMA. So far three consortium meetings were held in Bangkok, Manila and Jakarta to share knowledge about decentralization of water management, water laws, and effective monitoring of water environment and so on. A regional consortium such as CUSEMA can be a platform for sharing Asian types of solutions with similar environmental problems.

Yoichiro Usui, Niigata University and Keio Jean Monnet Centre for EU StudiesYoichiro Usui, Niigata University and Keio Jean Monnet Centre for EU Studies

Yoichiro Usui is professor at Niigata University of International and Information Studies and Associate Researcher at Keio Jean Monnet Centre for EU Studies. He received his MA from Waseda University (economics) and from the University of Leeds (law). His research field is EU politics, environmental policy and comparative regionalism studies. He has taken part in several research projects, such as The European Union as a Regulatory Empire: the Past and the Present (Hokkaido University) funded by Grants-in-Aid for Scientific Research and Comparative Regionalism Project (CREP, 2005 - 2009) hosted by the ISS, University of Tokyo. His publications related with regional environmental governance are 'The Democratic Quality of Soft Governance in the EU Sustainable Development Strategy: A Deliberative Deficit,' Journal of European Integration, Vol.29(5), pp.619-633 (December 2007); 'An Evolving Path of Regionalism: The Construction of an Environmental Acquis in the EEC and ASEAN,' in T. Nakamura ed., The Dynamics of East Asian Regionalism in Comparative Perspective, ISS Research Series No.24, Institute of Social Science, the University of Tokyo, 2007, pp.31-66. He also will publish his own book, (Japanese) Kankyo no EU, Kihan no Seiji (Normative Politics in EU environmental Governance) from Nakanishiya Shuppan in early 2013.

Aysun Uyar, Research Institute for Humanity and NatureAysun Uyar, Research Institute for Humanity and Nature

Aysun Uyar is assistant professor at the Research Institute for Humanity and Nature (RIHN) since January 2010. She received her Ph.D. in international political economy Yamaguchi University, Japan (2008). Before joining RIHN, she has worked as a research assistant at Hacettepe University (Ankara, Turkey), visiting fellow at European Institute for Asian Studies (Brussels, Belgium) and post-doc researcher at Afrasian Center, Ryukoku University (Kyoto, Japan). Her major fields of interest are international political economy, regionalism and regional environmental governance. She is also teaching as an adjunct lecturer at Doshisha University and Ryukoku University on Asian international relations, Turkish foreign policy and international cooperation policy. Her most recent publication related with the workshop theme is (in Japanese) Chiiki Kankyou Kyouryokuno arikata: Kokusaikankeironkara Sougou chikyukankyougakutono inta-dishipurinarina shitene (Anticipating Regional Environmental Cooperation: From International Relations to Integrated Environmental and Interdisciplinary Perspectives), Seijishakai Ronsou (Japanese Review of Political Society), 2012, Vol.1: 61-72. She is the co-organizer of EE-REG workshop.

Tetsuzo Yasunari, Nagoya UniversityTetsuzo Yasunari, Nagoya University

Tetsuzo Yasunari is visiting professor at the Hydrospheric Atmospheric Research Center of Nagoya University. He received his D.Sc. in meteorology and climatology from Kyoto University (1981). He has conducted research and taught at Kyoto University, Florida State University, University of Tsukuba and Nagoya University. He is the leader of the Global COE Program “From Earth System Science to Basic and Clinic Environmental Studies” at Nagoya University and Vice-Chairman of the Moonsoon Asia Integrated Regional Studies (MAIRS) program. He has published more than 250 scientific papers, contributed to 38 books on earth climate system, Asia Monsoon system and regional water cycle. He also represents Japan at various international scientific bodies. He is the newly elected director general of RIHN to commence his post in April 2013.

Kwangwoon University, South KoreaEsook Yoon, Kwangwoon University

Esook Yoon is Associate Professor at the College of Northeast Asia, Kwangwoon University, Korea and was previously Assistant Professor at the Department to Political Science of Kent State University, and visiting Professor at the Department of Political Science and International Relations at Inha University, South Korea. She has a PhD in Government and Politics from the University of Maryland.

Presentation: Environmental Cooperation in Northeast Asia: Institutionalized but Non-binding Regimes for Trans-boundary Pollution

Environmental cooperation in Northeast Asia has made a substantial progress during the past two decades. The institutional development of intergovernmental cooperation represents political commitments of the regional countries to address trans-boundary environmental problem. Environmental cooperation has been viewed as “a workable regime” in the region. However, it is interesting to find that environmental cooperation in Northeast Asia has been progressing through non-binding agreements despite its steady institutional development. These agreements contain neither clear emission targets nor official commitments on emission reductions. No restrictions on non-compliance, thus, pollution abatement policies and practices of the member countries are not subject to scrutiny under the agreements. In exploring the characteristics of environmental governance of Northeast Asia, this research suggests that non-binding environmental cooperation could be policy choices of the member countries in the unique political, economic and ecological condition of the region. Non-binding cooperation serves as a policy forum to address trans-boundary pollution in the region while allowing the regional countries to avoid political and economic burden in dealing with regional environmental problems.

Posters

Stopping illegal logging: the case of the EU and Japan

Linas Didvalis, International Christian University, Mitaka, Tokyo

Abstract. Illegal logging and the international trade of illegally logged timber are some of the most acute problems in many timber-producing countries. The World Bank estimates that illegal logging in some countries accounts for as much as 90 percent of all logging and generates approximately US$10–15 billion revenue that mostly ends up in the hands of organized crime groups. Illegal logging in many cases leads to environmental destruction, loss of state revenue, and violations of human rights. As major timber consumers, the EU and Japan are very influential players in the global timber trade, and their actions can help to encourage sustainable forest management and reduce illegal logging in timber-producing countries. Since the beginning of the 2000s, both the EU and Japan have been working on the problem and introduced several policy measures that may help to tackle it. That includes bilateral cooperation with timber-exporting countries, participation in multilateral meetings and strengthening the domestic requirements for timber buyers. The poster is dedicated to briefly introducing the problem of illegal logging and associated trade, comparing the policies of the EU and Japan and assessing their effectiveness.

Analysis on the relationship between natural cognitive and culture types of residents: A case study from the middle reaches of the Heihe River, Northwest China

Fanglei Zhong, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences, and Research Institute for Humanity and Nature (RIHN)
Zhongmin Xu, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Xiaojuan Yin, Cold and Arid Regions Environmental and Engineering Research Institute, Chinese Academy of Sciences

Abstract. Why do different people have different natural cognition? This study aims to analyze the relationship between natural cognition and cultural types of residents. Based on Grid-group cultural theory from Cultural Anthropology, we have developed a questionnaire investigation in the middle reaches of Heihe River, Northwest China. We preliminarily explores the proportion of different cultural types of residents in 15 townships, analyzes the effects of age, education background and income on the residents’ cultural types. The result shows that the cultural type proportion of residents from the top to low level are fatalist, hierarchical, individualist and egalitarianist. The formation of different cultural types can be illustrated according to the influence of individual factors. The natural cognition and preferences of residents are accordance with the Grid-group cultural theory hypothesis. Thus the environmental concern diversity among the residents is possibly rooted from the cultural types. The cultural types analysis are likely to provide some references to natural management policy makers.

From the Perspective of Built Environmental Governance: the Post-quake Recovery Project in Yabuki town, Fukushima

Junko Taguchi, Department of Architecture, University of Tokyo

Abstract. On March 11, 2011, the Great East Japan Earthquake caused extensive damage over a wide area of eastern Japan. Following the quake, Japan, China, and South Korea agreed in the Trilateral Summit and Tripartite Environment Ministers Meeting (TEEM) that close cooperation among the three countries is highly important for disaster prevention and management, considering specific cooperative measures including information sharing and capacity building. Even though there is a global attention to disaster events, however, could these countries and other East Asian countries share the methods to recover from disasters environmentally and socially which are largely affected by cultural values, such as disaster prevention and management? This report introduces the ongoing project which supports recovery efforts in Yabuki town, Fukushima, whose environment was severely damaged by the quake and radioactive contamination. It contains proposed aids for post-quake renovation and reconstruction with wooden structures and aids for developing built environmental governance centering on conservation efforts of community heritage. Furthermore, it assesses whether the knowledge generated from the aids for overcoming Great East Japan Earthquake could work in the context of regional environmental governance in East Asia, comparing between Chinese and Japanese views concerning heritage management

A joint initiative of

University of Geneva Geography logo

Research Institute for Humanity and Nature logo

With funding from

Swiss National Science Foundation logo

Research Institute for Humanity and Nature logo

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